The Tufted Coquette and Rufus-shafted Woodstar Hummingbirds both measure as the smallest birds in the country with a size of 7cm.
The Jabiru Stork is the largest bird recorded in the country with a length of 132cm and wing span of 240cm.
Tobago has in excess of 260 recorded bird species, of these 25 species are not found in Trinidad.
There are only three endemic birds in the country. The Trinidad Pipping Guan, found in Trinidad, the Trinidad Mot Mot, found on both islands and the Tobago Greenlet, found in Tobago.
Trinidad & Tobago is the most densely populated country in the world for birds, with over 480 recorded species within a combined area of approximately 2100 square miles.
The Lipkin and the Oilbird are the only two native birds which are the only members of their respective families.
Birds (Avifauna) is the largest group of vertebrate existing in the country, with 74 families being represented.
Geologically Trinidad is a "continental" island; being a former part of Venezuela and are Eastward extensions of the South American Andes. Tobago is an "oceanic" island and volcanic; a southern extension of the windward island chain.
There are over 100 species of terrestrial mammals recorded in the country; of these 70 species are bats..
There are only four mortally venomous snakes in the Country, occurring only in Trinidad. These are two species of Corals and two species of Pit Vipers.
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The Greater Bird of Paradise was introduced unto Little Tobago island in 1909 from their native Aru Islands New Guinea home in an effort to protect the species from over-hunting. The species was unable to permanently populate the island and the last confirmed sighting was in 1981.
The Oilbird is the only nocturnal fruit eating bird in the world which nest exclusively in caves, and is only distributed in Trinidad and some remote parts of northern South America.
The national birds are the Scarlet Ibis resident in Trinidad and the Rufus-vented Chachalaca (Cocrico) resident in Tobago.
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